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Culture History Archaic Era - Roman Period Larissa

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05/11/2008
Monuments which weren't preserved (Classic - Roman Years)

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The interconnected layers of dwelling, the different needs of citizens each period brought about changes in the topographical - urban web of city of ancient Larissa. A lot of monuments that are known to us by historical resources, they don’t exist nowadays. «Saving» excavations that began from 1973, revealed many important clues for the ancient urban planning. Many of the discoveries were not “saved”, as their revelation was conducted in the framework of construction of private buildings.

Undoubtedly, A' and B΄ Ancient Theatre, are of exceptional interest. They were revealed inside the current historical centre of Larissa and they shape the current cultural identity of city after they are, the only, visible today.

Other public buildings are known only by epigraphic testimonies and written resources. Such a public building was the temple of Goddess Poliada Athena, which was located easternly to current position of the metropolitan Orthodox Church of Saint Achillios. The temple is speculated that it was the Ancient Treasury/ File of Larissa.
Moreover, in the space which delimits the current squares, named Central and Post Office, where Ancient Market was extended, it is also speculated that was located the temple of God [Kerdoos] Apollo that it is supposed to have been built in the beginnings of 4th century B.C. This temple played also the role of Treasury/ File after, there; juridical decisions of the municipality of ancient Larissa were set up. In anathematic testimonies that were written in the holy space of the Temple, was included also the column of [Theotimos], the Thessalian horseman who was killed in the battle of Tanagra at 457 B.C.

Around 2nd century B.C., afterwards Romans dominated Thessaly, north-easternly to the square of Post Office, it is speculated that it was built the temple of Zeus the Eleftherios The temple protected all the official documents of the Public of Thessalians.

Moreover, through the interpretation of data collected by different testimonies, we could consider the existence of the temple of Bland Zeus, one hippodrome and two high schools, which we don’t know either the precise place or other certain information. Concerning the existence of high schools we know only two names of high school’s headmasters, those of Timasitheos and Evdimos.




References:
• Stählin F., Ancient Thessaly (Thessaloniki: Kiriakidis Publishers, 2nd Edited version, 2008. (in greek language) – first edition published in 1924 in German language
• Personal academic notes of Mrs Anthi Batziou- Eustathiou, Archaeologist PhD- Director of the 15th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classic Antiquities of Larissa