Farmakidis Theoklitos (1784-1860)


He originated from Nikea of Larissa (formerly Nibegler). He was a theologist, a clergyman and before his ordination was called Theoharis. He was an intellectual militant, a founder of greek education and father of journalism.

He served the Nation and the Greek State indefatigably. He received his first schooling at his home village and in Larissa, where he was ordained a deacon at the age of 18. He enriched his studies in Constantinople, Kidonies, Iassio and Bucharest.

In 1811-1819 he was in Vienna as priest of the church of Agios Georgios. He completed his studies in literature and theology there, and worked in the literary and teaching field. In 1813 he replaced Anthimos Gazis at the publication of the magazine "Logios Ermis".

During the Revolution he returned to Greece, published the first newspaper of the Cause under the title "Elliniki Salpinx" and went to "E. Greece" with Th. Negris, intending to organise it. He participated in the First National Assembly, became Governor of Education and later (1823) occupied the seat of Theology at the university of Kerkira. After persistent invitations he returned to Greece as publisher and director of the "Geniki Efimerida" newspaper (which was the first to publish the poem "Hymn to Freedom" by D. Solomos - it became the Greek National Anthem), a position which he kept until 1827.

He returned to active duty after the years of Kapodistrias, became a school Governor and a consultant in issues between the Church and the State. He proposed that the Church of Greece be independent from the Ecumenical Patriarchate. He experienced the hatred and reaction of people with opposite opinions.

With his "Apology" (1940) he defends his honour and explains his stance and politics. In 1843 he returned to the Theological School, where he taught to the end of his life. Some of his works are: "Elements of the Greek Language", "Greek chrestomathy", "About Zaharias son of Varahios", "Synodal volume". His work includes the New Testament in seven volumes with memoranda by ancient scholars.

Source: TEDK N. Larissas, Guide - Region of Larissa, Publications "ella", 2002

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