Cultural route in the historic centre of Larissa
Type: Historical centre
Duration: 2,5 hours
A first contact with the cultural identity of Larissa could be achieved through in situ explorations in the historic centre of the town. A more deep knowledge for the cultural heritage of Larissa could be gained if someone will visit its museums.
A proposed route is by visiting first the Archaeological Museum of Larissa which was built in the dues of 19th and has a permanent collection with Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Archaic, Classic, Hellenistic and Roman exhibits. The Archaeological Museum of Larissa (soon will be accommodated in the new Diachronic Museum of Larissa) is located in the heart of the town opposite of Mplanas Square and Agios Vissarionas Square.
At Mplanas Square came to light the byzantine bath which is constituted by three single spaces and it is dated at 5th century A.D, while inside the orthodox church of Agios Vissarionas Square someone can admire the frescos of Aginoras Asteriadis.
As the visitor walks in the Venizelou Street and when he will enter this part of Venizelou which is pedestrianized, he will turn right and he will see the Bayrakli Mosque, which is located in the contribution of Ossis and Papaflessa. Bayrakli Mosque is noticeable for its excellent brickwork, a very similar work someone could admire at Bezesten.
From the location in Bayrakli Mosque, someone can continue his exploration in the Hill Frourion or go back to the Venizelou Street and continue his wandering in the main part of historic centre of Larissa.
If he will find himself again back to the Venizelou Street and he will cross the pedestrianized part of Venizelou Street, he will see on his left hand, the Buyuk Hamam with its bell-shaped cupola (its diameter is 13m.) that surpasses in the scale the whole architectural group.
At a short distance after Buyuk Hamam, A’ Ancient Theatre of Larissa dominates the Hill Frourion. A’ Ancient Theatre of Larissa is a highly notable and large theatre on Greek ground, it was built during the years of sovereignty of king of Greek city- State Macedonia, Antigonos Gonatas (first half of 3rd century B.C.). It appears to follow the example of Dionysian Theatre of Athens. It is acclaimed that more than 10.000 spectators could have been hosted to its space.
The visitor can also continue his walk on the top of the Hill Frourion, northerly to the A’ Ancient Theatre. There, he can visit the archaeological complex of the basilica of Saint Achillios, the Bezesten, byzantine baths and byzantine cemeteries. All this complex is located at the Lamproulis Square, in the top of the hill.
At the end of the route, with a west southerly direction, someone could visit the B’ Ancient Theatre of Larissa, in the contribution of Tagmatarxou kai Protomagias Street. The construction of the Second Ancient Theatre is dated to the second half of the first century BC. Prof. of Archaeology, Athanasios Tziafalias, formulated the opinion that it was related to the Eleftheria celebration, including sporting events and horse races, theatrical and musical performances, as well as recitation of poetry while the A’ Ancient Theatre was slowly deprived of its purely theatrical nature and gradually altered into an arena.